International Chemical Safety Cards

ETHANOL (ANHYDROUS) ICSC: 0044
ETHANOL (ANHYDROUS)
Ethyl alcohol
CH3CH2OH/C2H6OH
Molecular mass: 46.1
CAS # 64-17-5
RTECS # KQ6300000
ICSC # 0044
UN # 1170
EC # 603-002-00-5
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. NO contact with strong oxidants.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water in large amounts, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE


  • INHALATION
  • Cough. Drowsiness. Headache. Fatigue.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest.
  • SKIN
  • Dry skin.
    Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain. Burning.
    Safety goggles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Burning sensation. Confusion. Dizziness. Headache. Unconsciousness.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.
    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants.

    F symbol
    R: 11
    S: (2-)7-16
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0044 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    ETHANOL (ANHYDROUS) ICSC: 0044

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    Reacts slowly with calcium hypochlorite, silver oxide and ammonia, causing fire and explosion hazard. Reacts violently with strong oxidants such as nitric acid, silver nitrate, mercuric nitrate or magnesium perchlorate, causing fire and explosion hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 1000 ppm; 1880 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1993-1994).
    MAK: 1000 ppm; 1900 mg/m3; IV (1992).
    MAK: class D (1992).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes. Inhalation of high concentration of vapour may cause irritation of the eyes and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the upper respiratory tract and central nervous system , resulting in irritation, headache, fatigue and lack of concentration. Chronic ingestion of ethanol may cause liver cirrhosis.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 79C
    Melting point: -117C
    Relative density (water = 1): 0.8
    Solubility in water: miscible
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 5.8
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.6
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.03
    Flash point: 13C c.c.
    Auto-ignition temperature: 363C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.3-19
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.32
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    Ethanol consumption during pregnancy may adversely affect the unborn child.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-32
    NFPA Code: H 0; F 3; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0044 ETHANOL (ANHYDROUS)
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.