International Chemical Safety Cards

HEXACHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0051
HEXACHLOROETHANE
Perchloroethane
Carbon hexachloride
C2Cl6/Cl3CCCl3
Molecular mass: 236.7
CAS # 67-72-1
RTECS # KI4025000
ICSC # 0051
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Gives off toxic and corrosive vapours in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: all extinguishing agents allowed.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

  • INHALATION

  • Local exhaust or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED!
    Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES

  • Safety goggles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION

  • Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Sweep spilled substance into containers. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place.
    Separated from metals: see Chemical Dangers, and from food and feedstuffs.

    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0051 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    HEXACHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0051

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS CRYSTALS , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating above 300C producing toxic and corrosive fumes, phosgene (see ICSC # 0007) and hydrogen chloride (see ICSC # 0163). Reacts violently with zinc, aluminium powder and sodium. Attacks iron in the presence of moisture.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 1 ppm; 9.7 mg/m3 skin (ACGIH 1992-1993).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    Exposure could cause unconsciousness.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The substance may have effects on the liver and kidneys. Exposure at far above the OEL may have effects on the central nervous system, inducing tremors and ataxia.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Sublimation point: 183-185C
    Relative density (water = 1): 2.1
    Solubility in water: none
    Vapour pressure, Pa at 20C: 53
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 8.2
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.0
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.9
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to fish.
    NOTES
    According to ACGIH this substance belongs to group A2 indicating suspected human carcinogen. Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient. Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding.
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0051 HEXACHLOROETHANE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.