International Chemical Safety Cards

NICKEL ICSC: 0062
NICKEL
(powder)
Ni
Molecular mass: 58.7
CAS # 7440-02-0
RTECS # QR5950000
ICSC # 0062
EC # 028-002-00-7
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Flammable as dust. Toxic fumes may be released in a fire.

Water in large amounts, foam, dry sand, NO carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air.
Prevent deposition of dust; closed system, dust explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.

EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!

  • INHALATION

  • Local exhaust or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest.
  • SKIN

  • Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
  • EYES

  • Safety spectacles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION

  • Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.

    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Vacuum spilled material. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place (extra personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles).
    Separated from strong acids.

    Xn symbol
    R: 40-43
    S: (2-)22-36
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0062 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    NICKEL ICSC: 0062

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    N

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    D

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    ODOURLESS SILVERY METALLIC SOLID IN VARIOUS FORMS.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    Reacts violently, in powder form, with titanium powder and potassium perchlorate, and oxidants such as ammonium nitrate, causing fire and explosion hazard. Reacts slowly with non-oxidizing acids and more rapidly with oxidizing acids. Toxic gases and vapours (such as nickel carbonyl) may be released in a fire involving nickel.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: ppm; 1 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1993-1994).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of the dust and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    Inhalation of the fumes may cause pneumonitis.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. Repeated or prolonged inhalation exposure may cause asthma. Lungs may be affected by repeated or prolonged exposure. The substance may have effects on the nasal sinuses , resulting in inflammation and ulceration.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 2730°C
    Melting point: 1455°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 8.9
    Solubility in water: none
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. The symptoms of asthma often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Anyone who has shown symptoms of asthma due to this substance should avoid all further contact with this substance.
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0062 NICKEL
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.