International Chemical Safety Cards

THALLIUM ICSC: 0077
THALLIUM
Ramor
Thallium (metal)
Tl
Atomic mass: 204.4
CAS # 7440-28-0
RTECS # XG3425000
ICSC # 0077

EC # 081-001-00-3
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: all extinguishing agents allowed.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! AVOID ALL CONTACT! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Nausea. Vomiting. Loss of hair, pain in legs and chest, and dry skin. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
    Local exhaust or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • (Further see Inhalation).
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES

  • Safety goggles, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection if powder.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Loss of vision, polyneuritis, psychic disturbances, delirium, convulsions, respiratory paralysis, coma, cardiac disturbances (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
    Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place.
    Separated from strong acids, fluorine, other halogens, food and feedstuffs.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    T+ symbol
    R: 26/28-33
    S: (1/2-)13-28-45
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0077 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    THALLIUM ICSC: 0077

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    BLUISH-WHITE, VERY SOFT METAL. TURNS GREY ON EXPOSURE TO AIR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    Reacts violently with fluorine. Reacts with other halogens at room temperature.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV (as Tl (soluble compounds)): ppm; 0.1 mg/m3 (as TWA) (skin) (ACGIH 1994-1995).
    MAK not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly especially if powdered.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance may cause effects on the peripheral and the central nervous system, liver and kidneys, the gastrointestinal tract, skin (hair) and the cardiovascular system , resulting in polyneuritis, optic nerve atrophy, encephalopathy, cardiac disturbances, liver and kidney damage, alopecia. Exposure may result in death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The substance may have effects on the vision, nervous system, skin (hair), heart, gastrointestinal tract. Animal tests show that this substance possibly causes toxic effects upon human reproduction.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 1457°C
    Melting point: 304°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 11.9
    Solubility in water: none
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to plants. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment because it persists in the environment.
    N O T E S
    Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. The symptoms of acute thallium poisoning (except for gastrointestinal symptoms) do not become manifest until 12 hours to 4 days after exposure. Do NOT take working clothes home. Refer to cards for specific thallium compounds (e.g., thallous sulfate - see ICSC # 0336).
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0077 THALLIUM
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.