International Chemical Safety Cards

1,1,2-TRICHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0080
1,1,2-TRICHLOROETHANE
Vinyl trichloride
Beta-trichloroethane
C2H3Cl3 / CHCl2CH2Cl
Molecular mass: 133.4
CAS # 79-00-5
RTECS # KJ3150000
ICSC # 0080
UN # 3082
EC # 602-014-00-8

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible under specific conditions. Heating will cause rise in pressure with risk of bursting. See Notes.
NO open flames. NO contact with hot surfaces.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION See Notes.

In case of fire: cool drums, etc., by spraying with water but avoid contact of the substance with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

  • INHALATION
  • Dizziness. Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Unconsciousness.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! Dry skin.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES

  • Safety spectacles, or face shield.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • (Further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment (extra personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, many metals. Well closed. Ventilation along the floor.

    Xn symbol
    R: 20/21/22
    S: (2-)9
    UN Hazard Class: 9
    UN Packing Group: III
    Marine pollutant.
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0080 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    1,1,2-TRICHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0080

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming hydrogen chloride (see ICSC # 0163), phosgene (see ICSC # 0007), and other toxic gases. Reacts with strong oxidizers, strong bases and metals such as sodium, potassium, magnesium and powdered aluminium. Attacks many plastics, rubber, steel and zinc.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 10 ppm; 55 mg/m3 (as TWA) (skin) (ACGIH 1993-1994).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C .

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system, kidneys, liver , resulting in central nervous depression, liver impairment and kidney impairment. Exposure at high levels may result in unconsciousness.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The liquid defats the skin.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 114°C
    Melting point: -36°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.44
    Solubility in water: none
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 2.5
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.6
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 4.6
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 6-15.5
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.35
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.
    N O T E S
    Flash point unknown in literature. Combustible vapour/air mixtures difficult to ignite, may be developed under certain conditions. Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. The relation between odour and the occupational exposure limit cannot be indicated. Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding.
    NFPA Code: H 3; F 1; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0080 1,1,2-TRICHLOROETHANE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.