International Chemical Safety Cards

ACRYLONITRILE ICSC: 0092
ACRYLONITRILE
Cyanoethylene
2-Propenenitrile
Vinyl cyanide
C5H3N/CH2=CH-CN
Molecular mass: 53.1
CAS # 107-13-1
RTECS # AT5250000
ICSC # 0092
UN # 1093
EC # 608-003-00-4
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. NO contact with strong oxidants, strong bases.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Risk of fire and explosion upon polymerization on contact with strong bases and strong oxidants.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Vomiting. Weakness. Tremor and uncoordinated movements.
    Closed system and ventilation.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention (see Notes).
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Blisters (Further see Inhalation).
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    First rinse with plenty of water, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.
    Safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Vomiting. Weakness (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. Collect leaking liquid in covered containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, food and feedstuffs. Keep in the dark. Ventilation along the floor. Store only if stabilized.
    Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    F symbol
    T symbol
    R: 45-11-23/24/25-38
    S: 53-45
    Note: D; Note: E
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: I
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0092 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    ACRYLONITRILE ICSC: 0092

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS OR PALE YELLOW LIQUID , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance polymerizes due to heating, under the influence of light, bases and peroxides. Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion. The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes including nitrogen oxides, hydrogen cyanide. Reacts violently with strong oxidants and strong bases causing fire and explosion hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 2 ppm; 4.3 mg/m3 (skin) (ACGIH 1993-1994).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance and the vapour irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the liver and the central nervous system. Exposure far above the OEL may result in death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. The substance may have effects on the central nervous system and liver. This substance is probably carcinogenic to humans.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 77C
    Melting point: -84C
    Relative density (water = 1): 0.8
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 7
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 11.0
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.8
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.05
    Flash point: -1C
    Flash point: -1C c.c.
    Auto-ignition temperature: 481C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.05-17.0
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.25
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.
    N O T E S
    Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient. Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. Acritet and Acrylon are trade names.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61
    NFPA Code: H 4; F 3; R 2;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0092 ACRYLONITRILE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.