International Chemical Safety Cards

SODIUM NITRATE ICSC: 0185
SODIUM NITRATE
Chile saltpeter
NaNO3
Molecular mass: 85
CAS # 7631-99-4
RTECS # WC5600000
ICSC # 0185
UN # 1498
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible but enhances combustion of other substances. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO contact with combustibles or reducing agents.
In case of fire in the surroundings: all extinguishing agents allowed.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion on contact with reducing agents.


EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

  • INHALATION
  • Cough. Laboured breathing (See Ingestion).
    Local exhaust or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Redness.
    Protective gloves.
    First rinse with plenty of water, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Safety spectacles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Blue lips or fingernails. Blue skin. Convulsions. Diarrhoea. Dizziness. Headache. Laboured breathing.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
    Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Sweep spilled substance into plastic or glass containers. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.
    Separated from combustible and reducing substances. Dry.

    UN Hazard Class: 5.1
    UN Packing Group: III
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0185 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    SODIUM NITRATE ICSC: 0185

    I
    M
    P
    O
    R
    T
    A
    N
    T

    D
    A
    T
    A

    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    ODOURLESS , COLOURLESS, HYGROSCOPIC CRYSTALS.




    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing nitrogen oxides and oxygen , which increases fire hazard. The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts with combustible and reducing materials, causing fire and explosion hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation at 20C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the blood , resulting in formation of methaemoglobin. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point (decomposes): 380C
    Melting point: 308C
    Relative density (water = 1): 2.3
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 25C: 92.1
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    NOTES
    Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water.
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0185 SODIUM NITRATE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.