International Chemical Safety Cards

NITROGLYCERIN ICSC: 0186
NITROGLYCERIN
Glyceryl trinitrate
1,2,3-Propanetriol trinitrate
Blasting oil
C3H5N3O9/C3H5(NO3)3
Molecular mass: 227.1
CAS # 55-63-0
RTECS # QX2100000
ICSC # 0186
UN # 0143 (Desensitized)
EC # 603-034-00-X

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Explosive. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. NO contact with hot surfaces.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Use non-sparking handtools. Do NOT expose to friction or shock.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE!

  • INHALATION
  • Abdominal cramps. Blue lips or finger nails. Blue skin. Dizziness. Headache. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Vomiting.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! (Further see Inhalation).
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
    Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Shut off ignition sources. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Store only if stabilized.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    E symbol
    T+ symbol
    R: 3-26/27/28-33
    S: (1/2-)33-35-36/37-45
    UN Hazard Class: 1.1D (Desensitized)
    UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1 (Desensitized)
    UN Packing Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0186 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    NITROGLYCERIN ICSC: 0186

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS TO YELLOW, VISCOUS LIQUID OR PALE YELLOW CRYSTALS.




    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion. May explosively decompose on shock, friction, or concussion. On combustion, forms toxic fumes including nitrogen oxides. Reacts with ozone causing explosion hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 0.05 ppm; 0.46 mg/m3 TWA (skin) (ACGIH 1994-1995).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air will not or will only very slowly be reached on evaporation of this substance at 20C; on spraying or dispersing, however, much faster.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes. The substance may cause effects on the cardiovascular system and blood , resulting in fall of blood pressure and circulatory collapse, and formation of methaemoglobin in larger amounts. Medical observation is indicated. See Notes.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. Repeated exposure leads to marked tolerance. Short absence from exposure may lead to sudden death.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: explosionC
    Melting point: 13C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.6
    Solubility in water: poor
    Vapour pressure, Pa at 20C: 0.03
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 7.8
    Auto-ignition temperature: 270C
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.
    N O T E S
    Combustion in a confined space may turn into detonation. Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Other UN numbers are: UN # 0144: nitroglycerin, solution in alcohol with more than 1% but not more than 10% nitroglycerin; UN Haz Class 1.1D. UN # 1204: nitroglycerin, solution in alcohol with not more than 1% of nitroglycerin; UN Haz Class 3, Pack Group II. UN # 3064: Nitroglycerin, solution in alcohol with more than 1% but not more than 5% of nitroglycerin, UN Haz Class 3, Pack Group II.
    NFPA Code: H2; F2; R4
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0186 NITROGLYCERIN
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.