International Chemical Safety Cards

1,1-DICHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0249
1,1-DICHLOROETHANE
Ethane, 1,1-dichloro-
Ethylidene chloride
CH3CHCl2
Molecular mass: 99.0
CAS # 75-34-3
RTECS # KI0175000
ICSC # 0249
UN # 2362
EC # 602-011-00-1

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

  • INHALATION
  • Dizziness. Drowsiness. Dullness. Nausea. Unconsciousness.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Dry skin. Roughness.
    Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Safety spectacles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Burning sensation (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer (extra personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from: see Chemical Dangers. Cool.

    F symbol
    Xn symbol
    R: 11-22-36/37
    S: 16-23
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    UN Packing Group: II
    Marine pollutant.
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0249 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    1,1-DICHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0249

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating and on burning producing toxic and corrosive fumes including phosgene (see ICSC 0007) and hydrogen chloride (see ICSC 0162). Reacts violently with strong oxidants, alkali metals and earth-alkali metals, powdered metals, causing fire and explosion hazard. Attacks aluminium, iron and polyethylene. Contact with strong caustic will cause formation of flammable and toxic acetaldehyde gas.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 100 ppm; 405 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1992-1993).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Exposure at high levels may result in unconsciousness.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the kidneys and liver.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 57C
    Melting point: -98C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.2
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 0.6
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 24
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.4
    Flash point: -6C c.c.
    Auto-ignition temperature: 458C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 5.6-11.4
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.8
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30G34
    NFPA Code: H 2; F 3; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0249 1,1-DICHLOROETHANE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.