International Chemical Safety Cards

FLUOROACETIC ACID ICSC: 0274
FLUOROACETIC ACID
alpha-Fluoroacetic acid
Monofluoroacetic acid
FAA
C2H3FO2/CH2FCOOH
Molecular mass: 78.0
CAS # 144-49-0
RTECS # AH5950000
ICSC # 0274
UN # 2642
EC # 607-081-00-7
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: all extinguishing agents allowed.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE! AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Cough. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Sore throat. Vomiting. Excessive salivation, numbness and tingling sensation. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes). Arrhythmia.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Serious skin burns. Pain.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Blurred vision. Severe deep burns.
    Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Convulsions (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
    Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Separated from food and feedstuffs. Keep in a well-ventilated room.
    Airtight. Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    T+ symbol
    R: 28
    S: (1/2-)20-22-26-45
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: I
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0274 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    FLUOROACETIC ACID ICSC: 0274

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    ODOURLESS, COLORLESS CRYSTALS.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing highly toxic fumes including fluorides.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: ppm; 0.05 mg/m3 for sodium fluoracetate (skin) (ACGIH 1994-1995).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin, and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation at 20C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly on spraying or when dispersed, especially if powdered.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance is corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the cardiovascular system, central nervous system, and kidneys , resulting in impaired functions including cardiac and renal failure. Exposure may result in death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated. See Notes.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 165C
    Melting point: 35.2C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.37
    Solubility in water: soluble
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.061 (est.)
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to mammals.
    N O T E S
    The symptoms of central nervous system, cardiac, and renal failure do not become manifest until a few hours have passed. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0274 FLUOROACETIC ACID
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.