International Chemical Safety Cards

PROPANE ICSC: 0319
PROPANE
(cylinder)
C3H8 / CH3-CH2-CH3
Molecular mass: 44.1
CAS # 74-98-6
RTECS # TX2275000
ICSC # 0319
UN # 1978
EC # 601-003-00-5

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Extremely flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Shut off supply; if not possible and no risk to surroundings, let the fire burn itself out; in other cases extinguish with water spray.
EXPLOSION Gas/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding) if in liquid state. Use non-sparking handtools.
In case of fire: keep cylinder cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE


  • INHALATION
  • Simple axphyxiant.
    Ventilation.
    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • ON CONTACT WITH LIQUID: FROSTBITE.
    Cold-insulating gloves. Protective clothing.
    ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water, do NOT remove clothes. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • ON CONTACT WITH LIQUID: FROSTBITE.
    Face shield.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION



  • SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. NEVER direct water jet on liquid (extra personal protection: chemical suit with self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Cool.

    F+ symbol
    R: 12
    S: (2)-9-16
    UN Hazard Class: 2.1
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0319 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    PROPANE ICSC: 0319

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    ODOURLESS, COLOURLESS COMPRESSED LIQUEFIED GAS.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible, and may accumulate in low ceiling spaces causing deficiency of oxygen. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:


    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV (as ): ppm; mg/m3 simple axphyxiant (ACGIH 1995-1996).
    MAK: 1000 ppm; 1800 mg/m3; IV (1993).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation.

    INHALATION RISK:
    On loss of containment this liquid evaporates very quickly causing supersaturation of the air with serious risk of suffocation when in confined areas.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    Rapid evaporation of the liquid may cause frostbite.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: -42C
    Melting point: -189C
    Solubility in water, ml/100 ml at 18C: 6.5
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.6
    Flash point: Flammable Gas
    Auto-ignition temperature: 450C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.1-9.5
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    High concentrations in the air cause a deficiency of oxygen with the risk of unconsciousness or death. Check oxygen content before entering area. Turn leaking cylinder with the leak up to prevent escape of gas in liquid state.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-27A
    NFPA Code: H1; F4; R0
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0319 PROPANE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.