International Chemical Safety Cards

1,1,2,2-TETRACHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0332
1,1,2,2-TETRACHLOROETHANE
Acetylene tetrachloride
Symmetrical-tetrachloroethane
S-tetrachloroethane
CHCl2CHCl2
Molecular mass: 167.9
CAS # 79-34-5
RTECS # KI8575000
ICSC # 0332
UN # 1702
EC # 602-015-00-3

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames.
In case of fire in the surroundings: all extinguishing agents allowed.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE!

  • INHALATION
  • Abdominal pain. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Sore throat. Vomiting.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! Dry skin. Tremors (further see Inhalation).
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Do NOT induce vomiting. Rest. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Separated from strong bases, food and feedstuffs. Cool. Keep in the dark. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.
    Airtight. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    T+ symbol
    R: 26/27-51/53
    S: (1/2-)38-45-61
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: II
    Marine pollutant.
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0332 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    1,1,2,2-TETRACHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0332

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on burning under influence of air, moisture and UV light, producing toxic and corrosive gases including hydrogen chloride and phosgene. Reacts violently with alkali metals, strong bases and many powdered metals producing toxic and explosive gases. Attacks plastic and rubber.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 1 ppm; 6.9 mg/m3 (as TWA) (skin) (ACGIH 1994-1995).
    MAK: 1 ppm; 7 mg/m3; skin, B (1992).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system, kidneys and liver , resulting in depression of the central nervous system, kidney impairment and liver impairment. Exposure may result in unconsciousness. Exposure may result in death.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the central nervous system and liver , resulting in impaired functions.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 146C
    Melting point: -44C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.6
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 0.29
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 0.647
    Vapour pressure, Pa at 25C: 780
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.8
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.031
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.39
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to its impact on the ozone layer.
    N O T E S
    Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient. Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-719
    NFPA Code: H3; F0; R1
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0332 1,1,2,2-TETRACHLOROETHANE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.