International Chemical Safety Cards

1,3,5-TRICHLOROBENZENE ICSC: 0344
1,3,5-TRICHLOROBENZENE
sym-Trichlorobenzene
C6H3Cl3
Molecular mass: 181.5
CAS # 108-70-3
RTECS # DC2100100
ICSC # 0344


TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Cough. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
    Local exhaust or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN

  • Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Safety spectacles, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION

  • Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Sweep spilled substance into containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment (extra personal protection: P3 filter respirator for toxic particles).
    Separated from strong oxidants. Keep in a well-ventilated room.

    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0344 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    1,3,5-TRICHLOROBENZENE ICSC: 0344

    I

    M

    P

    O

    R

    T

    A

    N

    T



    D

    A

    T

    A

    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    WHITE TO YELLOW CRYSTALS OR POWDER , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating and on burning producing toxic and corrosive fumes. Reacts with oxidants.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes and the respiratory tract. Inhalation of the aerosol may cause lung oedema (see Notes). Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The substance may have effects on the liver, kidneys, nasal passage and thyroid gland , resulting in impaired functions or tissue lesions.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 208C
    Melting point: 63C
    Solubility in water: none
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 78C: 1.33
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.0
    Flash point: 107C
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 4.15
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to fish. In the food chain important to humans, bioaccumulation takes place, specifically in aquatic organisms.
    N O T E S
    Toxicology is based on 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0344 1,3,5-TRICHLOROBENZENE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.