International Chemical Safety Cards

CYCLOPENTANE ICSC: 0353
CYCLOPENTANE
Pentamethylene
C5H10
Molecular mass: 70.1
CAS # 287-92-3
RTECS # GY2390000
ICSC # 0353
UN # 1146
EC # 601-030-00-2
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling. Use non-sparking handtools.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE


  • INHALATION
  • Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Unconsciousness. Weakness.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Redness.
    Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
  • EYES
  • Redness.
    Safety goggles or face shield.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Dizziness. Nausea. Sore throat.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer (extra personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof.

    F symbol
    R: 11
    S: (2-)9-16-29-33
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    UN Packing Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0353 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    CYCLOPENTANE ICSC: 0353

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS LIQUID.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:


    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 600 ppm; 1720 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1993-1994).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance and the vapour in high concentrations irritates the eyes and the respiratory tract. Swallowing the liquid may cause aspiration into the lungs with the risk of chemical pneumonitis. Exposure far above the OEL may result in unconsciousness.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 49C
    Melting point: -94C
    Relative density (water = 1): 0.8
    Solubility in water: none
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 45
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.4
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.6
    Flash point: -37C c.c.
    Auto-ignition temperature: 361C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.1-8.7
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.0
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-532
    NFPA Code: H 1; F 3; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0353 CYCLOPENTANE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.