International Chemical Safety Cards

NITROMETHANE ICSC: 0522
NITROMETHANE
Nitrocarbol
CH3NO2
Molecular mass: 61.04
CAS # 75-52-5
RTECS # PA9800000
ICSC # 0522
UN # 1261
EC # 609-036-00-7

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Risk of fire and explosion on contact with incompatible materials (see Chemical Dangers and Notes).
Above 35C use a closed system, ventilation, and explosion-proof electrical equipment. Do NOT expose to friction or shock.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

  • INHALATION
  • Cough. Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea. Sore throat. Unconsciousness. Vomiting.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.
  • SKIN
  • Dry skin. Redness.
    Protective gloves.
    Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
  • EYES
  • Redness.
    Safety goggles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • (See Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Remove all ignition sources. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT absorb in saw-dust or other combustible absorbents (extra personal protection: A/P2 filter respirator for organic vapour and harmful dust).
    Fireproof. Separated from incompatible materials (see Chemical Dangers and Notes).

    Xn symbol
    R: 5-10-22
    S: (2-)41
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    UN Packing Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0522 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    NITROMETHANE ICSC: 0522

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS VISCOUS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    May explosively decompose on shock, friction, or concussion. May explode on heating. The substance decomposes on burning producing nitrogen oxides. Reacts with alkalis. Reacts violently with strong oxidants and strong reducing agents causing fire and explosion hazard. Forms shock sensitive mixture with amines.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 20 ppm; 50 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1996).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system , resulting in central nervous system depression.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. The substance may have effects on the peripheral nervous system, kidneys and liver , resulting in impaired functions.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 101C
    Melting point: -29C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.14
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 3.7
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.1
    Flash point: 35C c.c.
    Auto-ignition temperature: 417C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 7.3-63
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    Will turn shock-sensitive if contaminated with acids, bases, metal oxides, hydrocarbons and other combustible materials. Combustion in a confined space may turn into detonation. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-898
    NFPA Code: H1; F3; R3;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0522 NITROMETHANE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.