International Chemical Safety Cards

n-PENTANE ICSC: 0534
n-PENTANE
Amyl hydride
C5H12/CH3(CH2)3CH3
Molecular mass: 72.2
CAS # 109-66-0
RTECS # RZ9450000
ICSC # 0534
UN # 1265
EC # 601-006-00-1
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. NO contact with strong oxidants.
AFFF, alcohol-resistant foam, powder, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling. Use non-sparking handtools.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE


  • INHALATION
  • Dizziness. Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea. Unconsciousness. Vomiting.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Dry skin.
    Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
  • EYES

  • Safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give plenty of water to drink. Rest. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer (extra personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Cool. Well closed.
    Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
    F symbol
    R: 11
    S: 9-16-29-33
    UN Hazard Class: 3.1
    UN Packing Group: I
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0534 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    n-PENTANE ICSC: 0534

    I
    M
    P
    O
    R
    T
    A
    N
    T

    D
    A
    T
    A

    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    HIGHLY COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    Reacts with strong oxidants (e.g., peroxides, nitrates and perchlorates), causing fire and explosion hazard. Attacks some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 600 ppm; 1770 mg/m3 (as TWA); 750 ppm; 2210 mg/m3 (as STEL) (ACGIH 1991-1992).
    PDK: 300 mg/m3 (USSR 1984).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    Swallowing the liquid may cause aspiration into the lungs with the risk of chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous systems.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 36C
    Melting point: -129C
    Relative density (water = 1): 0.63
    Solubility in water: none
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 56.8
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.5
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.8
    Flash point: -49C (c.c.)C
    Auto-ignition temperature: 309C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.5-7.8
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.39
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    NOTES
    Pentane is a constituent of petroleum ether. Skellysolve A is a trade name.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-592
    NFPA Code: H 1; F 4; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0534 n-PENTANE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.