International Chemical Safety Cards

PROPANAL ICSC: 0550
PROPANAL
Propionic aldehyde
Methylacetaldehyde
Propionaldehyde
C3H6O / CH3CH2CHO
Molecular mass: 58.1
CAS # 123-38-6
RTECS # UE0350000
ICSC # 0550
UN # 1275
EC # 605-018-00-8

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE


  • INHALATION
  • Burning sensation. Cough. Sore throat.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Redness. Burning sensation.
    Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Safety spectacles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Burning sensation.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Rest. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer (extra personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, strong acids. Cool. Keep in the dark.

    F symbol
    Xi symbol
    R: 11-36/37/38
    S: 9-16-29
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    UN Packing Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0550 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    PROPANAL ICSC: 0550

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    M

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    A

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    D

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    A

    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance can presumably form explosive peroxides. The substance may polymerize due to heating and under the influence of acids, bases, amines and oxidants with fire or explosion hazard. The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic carbon monoxide and flammable ethane.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    No indication can be given about the rate in which a harmful concentration in the air is reached on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 49C
    Melting point: -81C
    Relative density (water = 1): 0.8
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml: 20
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 31.3
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.0
    Flash point: -30C
    Auto-ignition temperature: 207C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.6%-17.0%
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.83
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    Check for peroxides prior to distillation; eliminate if found.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-692
    NFPA Code: H2; F3; R2;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0550 PROPANAL
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.