International Chemical Safety Cards

PHOSPHORUS (YELLOW) ICSC: 0628
PHOSPHORUS (YELLOW)
White phosphorus
P4
Atomic mass: 123.88)
CAS # 7723-14-0
RTECS # TH3500000
ICSC # 0628
UN # 1381
EC # 015-001-00-1
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. NO contact with flammable substances. NO contact with air. NO contact with hot surfaces. NO contact with oxidants, halogens, sulfur and strong alkalis.
Water spray, wet sand.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Burning sensation. Unconsciousness. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
    Ventilation.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Skin burns. Pain (further see Inhalation).
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention. Wear protective gloves when administering first aid. Keep contaminated clothes and shoes under water or sand/earth; do NOT use soap for cleaning.
  • EYES
  • Pain. Loss of vision. Severe deep burns.
    Safety goggles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal cramps. Unconsciousness (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give nothing to drink. Rest. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! cover spilled substance with wet sand or earch. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Sweep spilled substance into containers then remove to safe place (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, food and feedstuffs. Cool. Keep under water.
    Airtight. Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    F symbol
    T+ symbol
    R: 17-26/28-35
    S: 5-26-28-45
    UN Hazard Class: 4.2
    UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: I
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0628 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    PHOSPHORUS (YELLOW) ICSC: 0628

    I
    M
    P
    O
    R
    T
    A
    N
    T

    D
    A
    T
    A

    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    WHITE TO YELLOW TRANSPARENT CRYSTALLINE SOLID WITH WAXY APPEARANCE. TURNS DARK ON EXPOSURE TO LIGHT.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance may spontaneously ignite on contact with air producing toxic fumes (phosphorus oxides). Reacts violently with oxidants, halogens and sulfur, with fire and explosion hazard. Reacts with strong alkalies, giving off toxic gas (phosphine).

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance is corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. Inhalation of vapour may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The substance may cause effects on the kidneys, liver. Exposure may result in death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The substance may have effects on the bone , resulting in bone degeneration.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 280°C
    Decomposes below melting point at 44°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.83
    Solubility in water: none
    Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 3.5
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.42
    Auto-ignition temperature: 30°C
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    NOTES
    The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-714
    NFPA Code: H 3; F 3; R 1;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0628 PHOSPHORUS (YELLOW)
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.