International Chemical Safety Cards

METHACRYLONITRILE ICSC: 0652
METHACRYLONITRILE
Methylacrylonitrile
2-Methyl-2-propenenitrile
2-Cyanopropene
Isopropenylnitrile
C4H5N
Molecular mass: 67.1
CAS # 126-98-7
RTECS # UD1400000
ICSC # 0652
UN # 3079 (Inhibited)
EC # 608-010-00-2

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE!

  • INHALATION
  • Headache. Weakness. Nausea. Vomiting. Diarrhoea. Asphyxia.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! (Further see Inhalation).
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • (Further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment (extra personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles).
    Fireproof. Separated from food and feedstuffs. Cool. Store only if stabilized.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    F symbol
    T symbol
    R: 11-23/24/25-43
    S: (1/2-)9-16-18-29-45
    Note: D
    UN Classification.
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: I
    Marine pollutant.
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0652 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    METHACRYLONITRILE ICSC: 0652

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. Vapours are uninhibited and may polymerize, blocking vents.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance will polymerize violently due to heating with fire or explosion hazard. On combustion, forms toxic and corrosive fumes including cyanides and nitrogen oxides.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 1 ppm; 2.7 mg/m3 (as TWA) (skin) (ACGIH 1994-1995).
    MAK not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The vapour irritates the eyes and the respiratory tract. Exposure could cause cyanide poisoning.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 90.3C
    Melting point: -35.8C
    Relative density (water = 1): 0.8
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: moderate
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 25C: 8.66
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.3
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.17
    Flash point: 1.1C c.c.
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2-6.8
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.68
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to water organisms.
    N O T E S
    The commercial product contains 50 ppm hydroquinone monoethyl ether as a stabilizer. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30G32
    NFPA Code: H2; F3; R2
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0652 METHACRYLONITRILE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.