International Chemical Safety Cards

METHYL FORMATE ICSC: 0664
METHYL FORMATE
Formic acid methyl ester
Methyl methanoate
C2H4O2 / HCOOCH3
Molecular mass: 60.1
CAS # 107-31-3
RTECS # LQ8925000
ICSC # 0664
UN # 1243
EC # 607-014-00-1

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Extremely flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE


  • INHALATION
  • Cough. Dizziness. Dullness. Headache. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Unconsciousness.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Redness.
    Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness.
    Safety goggles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. ???? Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Rest. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer (extra personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Cool.

    F+ symbol
    R: 12
    S: 9-16-33
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    UN Packing Group: I
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0664 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1996

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    METHYL FORMATE ICSC: 0664

    I
    M
    P
    O
    R
    T
    A
    N
    T

    D
    A
    T
    A

    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    Reacts vigorously with oxidants.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 100 ppm; 246 mg/m3 STEL 150 ppm (ACGIH 1996).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes and the skin. The vapour irritates the eyes and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 32°C
    Melting point: -100°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 0.98
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C: 30
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 64
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.07
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.7
    Flash point: -19°C
    Auto-ignition temperature: 449°C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 5-23
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.21
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    NOTES
    The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-536
    NFPA Code: H 2; F 4; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0664 METHYL FORMATE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1996
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.