International Chemical Safety Cards

CHLOROACETONE ICSC: 0760
CHLOROACETONE
1-Chloro-2-propanone
Acetonyl chloride
Monochloroacetone
C3H5ClO / ClCH2COCH3
Molecular mass: 92.5
CAS # 78-95-5
RTECS # UC0700000
ICSC # 0760
UN # 1695 (stabilized)

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Above 28C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 28C use a closed system, ventilation, and explosion-proof electrical equipment.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!

  • INHALATION
  • Sore throat. Cough. Burning sensation. Shortness of breath. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! Pain. Blisters. Delayed effects.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.
    Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Burning sensation. Abdominal cramps. Shock or collapse.

    Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, food and feedstuffs. Keep in the dark. Store only if stabilized.
    Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1
    UN Subsidiary Risks: 3 and 8
    UN Packing Group: 1
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0760 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    CHLOROACETONE ICSC: 0760

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR. TURNS DARK AND RESINIFIES ON PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO LIGHT.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance polymerizes slowly under the influence of light. The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing toxic and corrosive fumes including hydrogen chloride and phosgene. Reacts with strong oxidants.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 1 ppm; 3.8 mg/m3 C (skin) (ACGIH 1995-1996).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin, by ingestion and , also as a vapour!

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    Corrosive. Tear drawing. The substance is corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Inhalation of the vapour of this substance may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 120C
    Melting point: -45C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.1
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 10
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 25C: 1.5
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.7
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.03
    Flash point: 28C c.c.
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.28
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    Explosive limits are unknown in literature, although the substance is combustible and has a flash point < 55C. The occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance, consult an expert. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61G61b
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0760 CHLOROACETONE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.