International Chemical Safety Cards

2,4,6-TRINITROTOLUENE ICSC: 0967
2,4,6-TRINITROTOLUENE
2-Methyl-1,3,5-trinitrobenzene
alpha-Trinitrotoluol
TNT
C7H5N3O6/C6H2(CH3)(NO2)3
Molecular mass: 227.1
CAS # 118-96-7
RTECS # XU0175000
ICSC # 0967
UN # 0209
EC # 609-008-00-4
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Explosive.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Water in large amounts. Do not attempt to extinguish large fire, evacuate area.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion upon rapid heating or strong shock.
Do NOT expose to friction or shock. Do not expose to heat.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Abdominal cramps. Blue lips or finger nails. Blue skin. Cough. Headache. Laboured breathing. Vomiting. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
    Local exhaust or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain (further see Inhalation).
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention. Wear protective gloves when administering first aid.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Wear protective gloves when inducing vomiting.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Wet spilled material before picking it up, do not attempt to sweep up dry material. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Sweep spilled substance into containers. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment (extra personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from combustible and reducing substances, heavy metals and initiator explosives. Tightly closed. Cool. Dry.
    Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
    E symbol
    T symbol
    R: 2-23/24/25-33
    S: 35-44
    UN Hazard Class: 1.1D
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0967 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    2,4,6-TRINITROTOLUENE ICSC: 0967

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    YELLOW CRYSTALS.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    May explosively decompose on shock, friction, or concussion. Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed. Reacts violently with reducing agents causing fire and explosion hazard. Reacts with heavy metals. Explodes on heating to 240°C.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: ppm; 0.5 mg/m3 (skin) (ACGIH 1991-1992).
    PDK not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin, and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the blood , resulting in hemolysis, formation of methaemoglobin. Exposure may result in death. The effects may be delayed (see Notes). Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The substance may have effects on the liver, blood and eyes , resulting in jaundice, anaemia, cataract.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point (decomposes): 240°C
    Melting point: 80.1°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.65
    Solubility in water: none
    Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: <0.1
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 7.85
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.60
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to aquatic organisms.
    NOTES
    Combustion in a confined space may turn into detonation. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. Do NOT take working clothes home. Tolite, Tritol, Trotyl, Entsufon are trade names.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-10G03
    NFPA Code: H 2; F 4; R 4;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0967 2,4,6-TRINITROTOLUENE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.