International Chemical Safety Cards

BROMINE PENTAFLUORIDE ICSC: 0974
BROMINE PENTAFLUORIDE
BrF5
Molecular mass: 174.9
CAS # 7789-30-2
RTECS # EF9350000
ICSC # 0974
UN # 1745
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible but enhances combustion of other substances. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO contact with flammable substances. NO contact with water, combustible and organic compounds.
In case of fire in the surroundings: only use carbon dioxide, dry sand or powder. NO water or hydrous agents.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion on contact with water or steam, fuels and organic compounds.

In case of fire: cool drums, etc., by spraying with water but avoid contact of the substance with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Burning sensation. Cough. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. See Notes.
    Closed system and ventilation.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Skin burns. Pain. Blisters.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Refer for medical attention. Wear protective gloves when administering first aid.
  • EYES
  • Pain. Blurred vision. Severe deep burns.
    Safety goggles and face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Burning sensation.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
    Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in vermiculite, earth, dry sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT absorb in saw-dust or other combustible absorbents. NEVER direct water jet on liquid (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Separated from food and feedstuffs and all other substances (see Chemical Dangers). Dry. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.
    Airtight. Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    UN Hazard Class: 5.1
    UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1, 8
    UN Packing Group: I
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0974 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    BROMINE PENTAFLUORIDE ICSC: 0974

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    PALE YELLOW TO COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR. AT TEMPERATURES ABOVE 40.5C, COLOURLESS GAS WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating above 460C and on contact with acid or acid fumes producing very toxic fumes of fluorine (see ICSC # 0046) and bromine (see ICSC # 0107). Reacts violently with fuels and organic compounds, hydrogen containing material (such as ammonia, acetic acid, grease, paper) causing fire and explosion hazard. Reacts explosively with water or steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes. Reacts with all known elements, except nitrogen, oxygen and rare gases.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 0.1 ppm; 0.72 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1991-1992).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance and vapour are corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. Inhalation of the vapour may cause lung oedema (see Notes). Exposure may result in death.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The liquid defats the skin.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 40.5C
    Melting point: -61.3C
    Relative density (water = 1): 2.5
    Solubility in water: reacts
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 25.5C: 53.5
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 6.1
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment because it persists in the environment.
    N O T E S
    Reacts violently with fire extinguishing agents such as water. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Do NOT take working clothes home.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-51G07
    NFPA Code: H 4; F 0; R 3; W; OXY
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0974 BROMINE PENTAFLUORIDE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.