International Chemical Safety Cards

ANILINE HYDROCHLORIDE ICSC: 1013
ANILINE HYDROCHLORIDE
Benzenamine hydrochloride
Anilinium chloride
Aniline salt
C6H8ClN/C6H7N.HCl
Molecular mass: 129.59
CAS # 142-04-1
RTECS # CY0875000
ICSC # 1013
UN # 1548
EC # 612-009-00-2
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames. NO contact with oxidants.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion on contact with oxidants.

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Blue lips or finger nails. Blue skin. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Unconsciousness. Vomiting. Weakness.
    Avoid inhalation of fine dust and mist. Ventilation (not if powder), local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness (Further see Inhalation).
    Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention. Wear protective gloves when administering first aid.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Face shield.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
    Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Rest. Wear protective gloves when inducing vomiting. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Do NOT wash away into sewer. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place (extra personal protection: A/P2 filter respirator for organic vapour and harmful dust).
    Separated from strong oxidants, strong acids, food and feedstuffs. Dry. Keep in the dark. Well closed. Ventilation along the floor.
    Airtight. Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    T symbol
    R: 20/21/22-40-48/23/24/25
    S: (1/2-)28-36/37-45
    Note: A
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: III
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 1013 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    ANILINE HYDROCHLORIDE ICSC: 1013

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    HYGROSCOPIC WHITE CRYSTALS. TURNS DARK ON EXPOSURE TO AIR AND LIGHT.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    On combustion, forms toxic fumes including nitrogen oxides. The substance decomposes on heating or on contact with acids producing toxic fumes including aniline and hydrochloric acid. Reacts violently with oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.
    MAK: class IIIB, Pregnancy: D (Aniline) (1992).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the blood , resulting in formation of methaemoglobin.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. The substance may have effects on the spleen, liver, kidneys and blood , resulting in formation of methaemoglobin. This substance is possibly carcinogenic to humans.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 245°C
    Melting point: 196-198°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.22
    Solubility in water: very good
    Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: negligible
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.46
    Flash point: 193°C
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to crustacea and fish.
    N O T E S
    Explosive limits are unknown in literature. Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. Do NOT take working clothes home. Also consult ICSC # 0011 (aniline).
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61G12b
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 1013 ANILINE HYDROCHLORIDE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.