International Chemical Safety Cards

BENZONITRILE ICSC: 1103
BENZONITRILE
Cyanobenzene
Benzoic acid nitrile
Phenyl cyanide
C7H5N/C6H5(CN)
Molecular mass: 103.1
CAS # 100-47-0
RTECS # DI2450000
ICSC # 1103
UN # 2224
EC # 608-012-00-3
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide. Fire fighters should wear complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus.
EXPLOSION Above 75C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 75C use a closed system, ventilation.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

  • INHALATION
  • Headache. Laboured breathing. Unconsciousness.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN

  • Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Safety goggles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Nausea. Vomiting (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, strong acids, food and feedstuffs, strong reducing agents.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    Xn symbol
    R: 21/22
    S: 23
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 1103 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    BENZONITRILE ICSC: 1103

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    CLEAR COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing very toxic fumes (hydrogen cyanide, nitrous oxides). Reacts violently with strong acids producing highly toxic hydrogen cyanide. Attacks some plastics.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    No indication can be given about the rate in which a harmful concentration in the air is reached on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance and its vapour irritate the eyes. Exposure at high levels may result in respiratory distress, convulsions and unconsciousness.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    See Notes.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 190.7C
    Melting point: -12.8C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.0
    Solubility in water: poor (0.1-0.5 g/100 ml at 22C)
    Vapour pressure, Pa at 20C: 100
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.6
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.00
    Flash point: 75C (c.c.)C
    Auto-ignition temperature: 550C
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.56
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    NOTES
    Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. Data are insufficiently available on the effect of this substance on human health, therefore utmost care must be taken.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61G17
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 1103 BENZONITRILE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.