International Chemical Safety Cards

METHYL CHLOROFORMATE ICSC: 1110
METHYL CHLOROFORMATE
Methyl chlorocarbonate
Chloroformic acid methyl ester
Methoxycarbonyl chloride
CH3OCOCl/C2H3ClO2
Molecular mass: 94.5
CAS # 79-22-1
RTECS # FG3675000
ICSC # 1110
UN # 1238
EC # 607-019-00-9
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Burning sensation. Cough. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Redness. Pain. Blisters.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.
    Safety goggles or face shield.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Vomiting. Weakness. Shock.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, food and feedstuffs. Dry.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    F symbol
    T symbol
    R: 11-23-36/37/38
    S: 9-16-33-44
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: I
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 1110 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    METHYL CHLOROFORMATE ICSC: 1110

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS TO LIGHT YELLOW LIQUID , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing toxic and corrosive fumes (hydrogen chloride, phosgene). Reacts with strong oxidants. Reacts gradually with water, forming corrosive substance (hydrogen chloride).

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    No indication can be given about the rate in which a harmful concentration in the air is reached on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    Tear drawing. The substance is corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Inhalation of vapour may cause lung oedema (see Notes).

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 71C
    Melting point: -61C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.2
    Solubility in water: Poor
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 13.7
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.3
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.3
    Flash point: 13C (c.c.)C
    Auto-ignition temperature: 510C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 7.5-18.5
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    NOTES
    The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30G33
    NFPA Code: H2; F2; R1;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 1110 METHYL CHLOROFORMATE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.