International Chemical Safety Cards

ISOPENTANE ICSC: 1153
ISOPENTANE
Ethyl dimethyl methane
2-Methylbutane
Isoamyl hydride
C5H12/(CH3)2-CH-CH2-CH3
Molecular mass: 72.2
CAS # 78-78-4
RTECS # EK4430000
ICSC # 1153
UN # 1265
EC # 601-006-00-1

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Extremely flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE


  • INHALATION
  • Cough. Dizziness. Drowsiness. Headache. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Irregular heartbeat.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Dry skin. Redness.
    Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Safety spectacles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer (extra personal protection: A/P2 filter respirator for organic vapour and harmful dust).
    Fireproof. Well closed.

    F symbol
    R: 11
    S: (2-)9-16-29-33
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 1153 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    ISOPENTANE ICSC: 1153

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    May explode on heating.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    No indication can be given about the rate in which a harmful concentration in the air is reached on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Swallowing the liquid may cause aspiration into the lungs with the risk of chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system and heart , resulting in impaired functions.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The liquid defats the skin.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 28°C
    Melting point: -160°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 0.6
    Solubility in water: none
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 79
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.5
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 2.2
    Flash point: <-51°C c.c.
    Auto-ignition temperature: 420°C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.4-7.6
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.3
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.
    N O T E S
    Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. High concentrations in the air cause a deficiency of oxygen with the risk of unconsciousness or death. Check oxygen content before entering area. The relation between odour and the occupational exposure limit cannot be indicated.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30G30
    NFPA Code: H 1; F 4; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 1153 ISOPENTANE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.