International Chemical Safety Cards

ANTIMONY TRICHLORIDE ICSC: 1224
ANTIMONY TRICHLORIDE
Trichlorostibine
Antimonous chloride
SbCl3
Molecular mass: 228.1
CAS # 10025-91-9
RTECS # CC4900000
ICSC # 1224
UN # 1733
EC # 051-001-00-8

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: powder, carbon dioxide, NO water.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Corrosive. Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Cough. Shortness of breath. Loss of appetite.
    Local exhaust or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Corrosive. Redness. Pain. Blisters.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Corrosive. Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.
    Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Corrosive. Abdominal cramps. Burning sensation. Nausea. Shock or collapse. Vomiting.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Separated from food and feedstuffs. Dry. Well closed.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    C symbol
    R: 34-37
    S: (1/2-)26-45
    UN Hazard Class: 8
    UN Packing Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 1224 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    ANTIMONY TRICHLORIDE ICSC: 1224

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS HYGROSCOPIC CRYSTALS , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing toxic fumes of chlorine and antimony oxides. Reacts with water, producing heat, hydrogen chloride and antimony oxychloride. Attacks many metals in presence of water. Aluminium burns in antimony trichloride vapour.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV (as Sb): ppm; 0.5 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1994-1995).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    Corrosive. The substance is corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. Inhalation of vapour/mist/fume may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The substance may have effects on the heart, kidneys and liver. May cause reproductive toxicity in humans.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 223.5°C
    Melting point: 73°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 3.14
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 25°C: 10
    Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 16
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 7.9
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    C.I. 77056 is an alternative name. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. Also consult ICSC # 0012 (Antimony trioxide).
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-80G11
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 1224 ANTIMONY TRICHLORIDE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.