International Chemical Safety Cards

1,3-BUTADIENE ICSC: 0017
1,3-BUTADIENE
Divinyl
Erythrene
Vinylethylene, Pyrrolylene
C4H6/CH2=(CH)2=CH2
Molecular mass: 54.1
CAS # 106-99-0
RTECS # EI9275000
ICSC # 0017
UN # 1010 (inhibited)
EC # 601-013-00-X
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Extremely flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Shut off supply; if not possible and no risk to surroundings, let the fire burn itself out; in other cases extinguish with water spray, powder, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Gas/air mixtures are explosive. 1,3-Butadiene vapours are uninhibited and may form polymers in vents or flame arresters of storage tanks, resulting in blockage of vents.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding) if in liquid state. Use non-sparking handtools.
In case of fire: keep cylinder cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN!

  • INHALATION
  • Cough. Drowsiness. Blurred vision. Nausea. Sore throat. Unconsciousness. Respiratory paralysis.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • ON CONTACT WITH LIQUID: FROSTBITE.
    Cold-insulating gloves.
    ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water, do NOT remove clothes. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.
    Safety goggles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION

  • Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.

    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. NEVER direct water jet on liquid (extra personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from incompatible materials: see chemical dangers. Cool.

    F+ symbol
    T symbol
    R: 45-13
    S: 53-9-16-33

    UN Hazard Class: 2.1
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0017 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    1,3-BUTADIENE ICSC: 0017

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS COMPRESSED LIQUEFIED GAS , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The gas is heavier than air, and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. Liquid 1,3-butadiene floats and boils on water.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance can under specific circumstances form peroxides, initiating explosive polymerization. The substance may polymerize due to warming with fire or explosion hazard. Shock-sensitive compounds are formed with copper and its alloys (see Notes). The substance decomposes explosively on rapid heating under pressure. Reacts vigorously with oxidants and many other substances, causing fire and explosion hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 10 ppm; 22 mg/m3 (as TWA, A2) (ACGIH 1992-1993).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful concentration of this gas in the air will be reached very quickly on loss of containment.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes and the respiratory tract. Rapid evaporation of the liquid may cause frostbite. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system , resulting in lowering of consciousness.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The substance may have effects on the bone marrow and liver. This substance is probably carcinogenic to humans. May cause heritable genetic damage in humans. Animal tests show that this substance possibly causes toxic effects upon human reproduction.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: -4°C
    Melting point: -109°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 0.6
    Solubility in water: none (<0.1 g/100 ml)
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 245
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.9
    Flash point: -76°C
    Auto-ignition temperature: 414°C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.1-16.3
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    NOTES
    Piping material for this gas must not contain over 63% of copper. Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-126
    NFPA Code: H2; F4; R2;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0017 1,3-BUTADIENE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.