International Chemical Safety Cards

2,4-D ICSC: 0033
2,4-D
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid
C8H6Cl2O3
Molecular mass: 221.0
CAS # 94-75-7
RTECS # AG6825000
ICSC # 0033
UN # 2765
EC # 607-039-00-8

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Liquid formulations containing organic solvents may be flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO contact with oxidants.
In case of fire in the surroundings: all extinguishing agents allowed.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion if formulations contain flammable/explosive solvents.


EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN!

  • INHALATION
  • Headache. Nausea. Weakness.
    Local exhaust or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Redness.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
  • EYES
  • Redness.
    Safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Diarrhoea. Headache. Nausea. Unconsciousness. Vomiting. Weakness.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
    Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place (extra personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles).
    Separated from strong oxidants, food and feedstuffs.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    Xn symbol
    R: 22-36/37/38
    S: (2-)36/37
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: III
    Marine pollutant.
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0033 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    2,4-D ICSC: 0033

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    ODOURLESS, COLOURLESS CRYSTALS OR WHITE POWDER.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating producing hydrogen chloride and phosgene. The substance is a weak acid. Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: ppm; 10 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1993-1994).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation at 20C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly on spraying or when dispersed, especially if powdered.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Animal tests show that this substance possibly causes toxic effects upon human reproduction (see Notes).
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Decomposes below boiling point:
    Melting point: 138C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.6
    Solubility in water: none
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.81
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.
    N O T E S
    2,4-D is a chlorophenoxy-herbicide which, as a group, has been classified as possibly carcinogenic to humans. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. Carrier solvents used in commercial formulations may change physical and toxicological properties.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61G53c
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0033 2,4-D
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.