International Chemical Safety Cards

1,4-DICHLOROBENZENE ICSC: 0037
1,4-DICHLOROBENZENE
para-Dichlorobenzene
PDCB
C6H4Cl2
Molecular mass: 147
CAS # 106-46-7
RTECS # CZ4550000
ICSC # 0037
UN # 2811
EC # 602-035-00-2
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames. NO contact with strong oxidants.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Above 66°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 66°C use a closed system, ventilation, and explosion-proof electrical equipment.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!

  • INHALATION
  • Burning sensation. Cough. Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Vomiting.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Redness.
    Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Pain.
    Face shield.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Burning sensation. Convulsions. Diarrhoea (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
    Give plenty of water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Sweep spilled substance into containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place (extra personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles).
    Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from strong oxidants, acids, food and feedstuffs. Keep in a well-ventilated room.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    Xn symbol
    R: 36/38
    S: (2-)22-24/25-46
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: III
    Marine pollutant.
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0037 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    1,4-DICHLOROBENZENE ICSC: 0037

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS TO WHITE CRYSTALS WITH A STRONG ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    On combustion, forms toxic and corrosive fumes including phosgene, hydrogen chloride. The substance decomposes on contact with acids or acid fumes producing highly toxic fumes. Reacts with strong oxidants.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 10 ppm; 60 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1991-1992).
    MAK: 50 ppm; 300 mg/m3; Pregnancy: C (1993).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The vapour irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the blood and central nervous system , resulting in impaired functions and haemolytic anemia. Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The substance may have effects on the liver, kidneys and blood. This substance is possibly carcinogenic to humans.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 174°C
    Melting point: 53°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.2
    Solubility in water: none
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 55°C: 1.33
    Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 170
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.08
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.01
    Flash point: 66°C c.c.
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.37
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.
    N O T E S
    Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. Dichloricide, Paracid, Parazene, Paramoth, Paradow, and Santochlor are trade names.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61G12c
    NFPA Code: H 2; F 2; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0037 1,4-DICHLOROBENZENE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.