International Chemical Safety Cards

ETHYLENE DIBROMIDE ICSC: 0045
ETHYLENE DIBROMIDE
1,2-Dibromoethane
EDB
Br(CH2)2Br/C2H4Br2
Molecular mass: 187.9
CAS # 106-93-4
RTECS # KH9275000
ICSC # 0045
UN # 1605
EC # 602-010-00-6
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible under specific conditions. Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: all extinguishing agents allowed.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion on contact with powdered metals: see Chemical Dangers.


EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Burning sensation. Cough. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Unconsciousness.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! Pain. Redness. Blisters.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Pain. Redness. Severe deep burns.
    Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal cramps. Confusion. Diarrhoea. Headache (further see Inhalation).


    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in dry sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, powdered metals, food and feedstuffs: see Chemical Dangers. Dry. Keep in the dark. Ventilation along the floor.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    T symbol
    R: 45-23/24/25-36/37/38
    S: 53-44
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: II
    IMO: marine pollutant.
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0045 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    ETHYLENE DIBROMIDE ICSC: 0045

    I
    M
    P
    O
    R
    T
    A
    N
    T

    D
    A
    T
    A

    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming toxic and corrosive fumes, hydrogen bromide (see ICSC # 0282) and bromine (see ICSC # 0107. The substance decomposes slowly under influence of light and moisture producing corrosive hydrogen bromide. Reacts vigorously with powdered aluminium or magnesium, metals such as sodium, potassium and calcium, strong bases and strong oxidants, causing fire and explosion hazard. Attacks fats, rubber, some plastics and coatings.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system , resulting in lowering of consciousness.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Lungs may be affected by repeated or prolonged exposure causing bronchitis. The substance may have effects on the liver and kidneys. This substance is probably carcinogenic to humans. Animal tests show that this substance possibly causes toxic effects upon human reproduction.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 131C
    Melting point: 10C
    Relative density (water = 1): 2.2
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: poor
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 1.5
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 6.5
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.08
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.93
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to water.
    NOTES
    Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-802
    NFPA Code: H3; F0; R0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0045 ETHYLENE DIBROMIDE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.