International Chemical Safety Cards

NICKEL CARBONYL ICSC: 0064
NICKEL CARBONYL
Nickel tetracarbonyl
C4NiO4/Ni(CO)4
Molecular mass: 170.7
CAS # 13463-39-3
RTECS # QR6300000
ICSC # 0064
UN # 1259
EC # 028-001-00-1
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. NO contact with oxidants.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Risk of fire and explosion upon heating above 60C. Liquid and vapour flash in direct sunlight.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • FIRE
  • Abdominal pain. Blue skin. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Vomiting. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
    Closed system and ventilation.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Headache. Nausea. Vomiting (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong acids, food and feedstuffs. Cool. Keep in the dark. Keep under inert gas.
    Airtight. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    F symbol
    T+ symbol
    R: 61-11-26-40
    S: 53-45
    Note: E
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1
    UN Subsidiary Risks: 3
    UN Packing Group: I
    Severe marine pollutant.
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0064 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    NICKEL CARBONYL ICSC: 0064

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    VOLATILE COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    May explode on heating at 60C. The substance may spontaneously ignite on contact with air. The substance decomposes on contact with acids producing highly toxic carbon monoxide (see icsc 0023). Reacts violently with oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard. Oxidizes in air forming deposits which become peroxidized causing fire hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV (as Ni): 0.05 ppm; 0.12 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1993-1994).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Inhalation of vapours may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system and the kidneys , resulting in tissue lesions. Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged inhalation exposure may cause asthma. This substance is possibly carcinogenic to humans.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 43C
    Melting point: -19C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.3
    Solubility in water: none
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 42
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.9
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 3.0
    Flash point: -24C c.c.C
    Auto-ignition temperature: 60C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.0-?
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. The symptoms of asthma often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Anyone who has shown symptoms of asthma due to this substance should avoid all further contact with this substance. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient. Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water.
    NFPA Code: H 4; F 3; R 3;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0064 NICKEL CARBONYL
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.