International Chemical Safety Cards

p-NITROPHENOL ICSC: 0066
p-NITROPHENOL
4-Nitrophenol
4-Hydroxybenzene
C6H5NO3
Molecular mass: 139.1
CAS # 100-02-7
RTECS # SM2275000
ICSC # 0066
UN # 1663
EC # 609-015-00-2

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air.
Prevent deposition of dust; closed system, dust explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!

  • INHALATION
  • Burning sensation. Cough. Dizziness. Weakness.
    Local exhaust or breathing protection. Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! (Further see Inhalation).
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION



  • SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment (extra personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles).
    Separated from combustible and reducing substances, food and feedstuffs.

    Xn symbol
    R: 20/21/22-33
    S: 28
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: III
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0066 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    p-NITROPHENOL ICSC: 0066

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS TO PALE YELLOW CRYSTALS , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    May explode on heating. The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing toxic fumes including nitrogen oxides , causing fire and explosion hazard. The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts violently with combustible and reducing materials. Mixtures with potassium hydroxide are explosive.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air will not or will only very slowly be reached on evaporation of this substance at 20C; on dispersion of dust, however, much faster.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    Inhalation of high levels may cause metabolism increase.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point (decomposes): 279C
    Melting point: 113C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.48
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 25C: 1.6
    Vapour pressure, Pa at 20C: 0.0032
    Flash point: 169C
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.91
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to fish.
    N O T E S
    Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61G12c
    NFPA Code: H 3; F 1; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0066 p-NITROPHENOL
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.