International Chemical Safety Cards

TRICHLOROETHYLENE ICSC: 0081
TRICHLOROETHYLENE
1,1,2-Trichloroethylene
Trichloroethene
Ethylene trichloride
C2HCl3/ClCH=CCl2
Molecular mass: 131.4
CAS # 79-01-6
RTECS # KX4550000
ICSC # 0081
UN # 1710
EC # 602-027-00-9
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible under specific conditions. See Notes.

In case of fire in the surroundings: all extinguishing agents allowed.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion (see Chemical Dangers).

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE


  • INHALATION
  • Dizziness. Drowsiness. Headache. Weakness. Unconsciousness.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Dry skin. Redness.
    Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Safety spectacles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
    Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give plenty of water to drink. Rest.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place (extra personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Separated from metals (see Chemical Dangers), strong bases, food and feedstuffs. Dry. Keep in the dark. Ventilation along the floor.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. IMO: Marine Pollutant
    Xn symbol
    R: 40
    S: 23-36/37
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: III
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0081 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    TRICHLOROETHYLENE ICSC: 0081

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming toxic and corrosive fumes (phosgene, hydrogen chloride, chlorine). The substance decomposes on contact with strong alkali producing dichloroacetylene , which increases fire hazard. Reacts violently with metals such as lithium, magnesium aluminium, titanium, barium and sodium. Slowly decomposed by light in presence of moisture, with formulation of corrosive hydrochloric acid.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 50 ppm; 269 mg/m3 (STEL): 200 ppm; 1070 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1992-1993).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes and the skin. Swallowing the liquid may cause aspiration into the lungs with the risk of chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Exposure could cause lowering of consciousness.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. The substance may have effects on the liver and kidney (see notes).
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 87C
    Melting point: -73C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.5
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 0.1
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 7.8
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.5
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.3
    Auto-ignition temperature: 410C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 8-10.5
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.42
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to water organisms.
    NOTES
    Combustible vapour/air mixtures difficult to ignite, may be developed under certain conditions. Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient. Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding. Technical grades may contain small amounts of carcinogenic stabilizers.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-723
    NFPA Code: H2; F1; R0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0081 TRICHLOROETHYLENE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.