International Chemical Safety Cards

ACROLEIN ICSC: 0090
ACROLEIN
2-Propenal
Acrylic aldehyde
2-Propen-1-one
CH2=CHCHO
Molecular mass: 56.06
CAS # 107-02-8
RTECS # AS1050000
ICSC # 0090
UN # 1092
EC # 605-008-00-3
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. See Chemical Dangers.
Water in large amounts. Foam. Alcohol-resistant foam. Powder. Carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Risk of fire and explosion on mixing with alkalis, acids or strong oxidants.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Use reduced-sparking handtools.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Corrosive. Burning sensation. Cough. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Corrosive. Redness. Serious skin burns. Pain. Blisters.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Corrosive. Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.
    Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal cramps. Burning sensation. Collapse.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Collect leaking liquid in covered containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, strong acids, food and feedstuffs. Cool. Store only if stabilized.
    Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    F symbol
    T+ symbol
    R:11-25-26-34
    S:3/9/14-26-36/37/39-38-45
    UN Haz Class: 6.1
    UN Subsidiary Risks: 3
    UN Pack Group: I
    Marine pollutant.
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0090 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    ACROLEIN ICSC: 0090

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    YELLOW TO COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance can form explosive peroxides. The substance may polymerize with fire and explosion hazard. Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed. Reacts with alkalis, acids, amines, sulfur dioxide, thiourea, metal salts and oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
    TLV: 0.1 ppm; 0.23 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1992-1993).
    TLV (as STEL): 0.3 ppm; 0.69 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1992-1993).
    PDK (as STEL): 0.2 mg/m3 (USSR 1993).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    Corrosive. Tear drawing. The substance is corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Inhalation of this substance may cause lung oedema (see Notes). Exposure at high levels may result in death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.


    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 53C
    Melting point: -88C
    Relative density (water = 1): 0.8
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 20
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 29
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.9
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.2
    Flash point: -26C
    Auto-ignition temperature: 234C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.8-31%
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.9
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to fish.
    NOTES
    The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance, consult an expert. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient. Check for peroxides prior to distillation; render harmless if positive. Also consult publication Health and Safety Guide No.67 Acrolein, and Environmental Health Criteria No.127 Acrolein, of IPCS.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-118
    NFPA Code: H 3; F 3; R 2
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0090 ACROLEIN
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.