International Chemical Safety Cards

METHYL BROMIDE ICSC: 0109
METHYL BROMIDE
Bromomethane
Monobromomethane
(cylinder)
CH3Br
Molecular mass: 94.9
CAS # 74-83-9
RTECS # PA4900000
ICSC # 0109
UN # 1062
EC # 602-002-00-2
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible under specific conditions. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames. NO contact with aluminium, zinc, magnesium or pure oxygen.
Shut off supply; if not possible and no risk to surroundings, let the fire burn itself out; in other cases extinguish with In case of fire in the surroundings: all extinguishing agents allowed.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion on contact with aluminium, zinc or magnesium.

In case of fire: keep cylinder cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE! AVOID EXPOSURE OF ADOLESCENTS AND CHILDREN!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Dizziness. Headache. Abdominal pain. Vomiting. Weakness. Hallucinations. Loss of speech. Incoordination. Laboured breathing. Convulsions.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! Tingling. Itching. Burning sensation. Redness. Blisters. Pain. ON CONTACT WITH LIQUID: FROSTBITE (Further see Inhalation).
    Cold-insulating gloves. Protective clothing.
    ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water, do NOT remove clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain. Blurred vision. Temporary loss of vision.
    Safety goggles, face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION



  • SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. NEVER direct water jet on liquid (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof if in building. Separated from strong oxidants, aluminium and cylinders containing oxygen. Cool. Ventilation along the floor.

    T symbol
    R: 23-36/37/38
    S: (1/2-)15-27-36/37/39-38-45
    UN Hazard Class: 2.3
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0109 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    METHYL BROMIDE ICSC: 0109

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    ODOURLESS AND COLOURLESS COMPRESSED LIQUEFIED GAS.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The gas is heavier than air.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating and on burning producing toxic and corrosive fumes including hydrogen bromide, bromine and carbon oxybromide. Reacts with strong oxidants. Attacks many metals in presence of water. Attacks aluminium, zinc and magnesium with formation of pyrophoric compounds causing fire and explosion hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 5 ppm; 20 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1993-1993).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin , also as a vapour!

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful concentration of this gas in the air will be reached very quickly on loss of containment.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Inhalation of the substance may cause lung oedema (see Notes). Rapid evaporation of the liquid may cause frostbite. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system, kidneys and lungs. Exposure to high concentrations may result in death. The effects may be delayed.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The substance may have effects on the nervous system, kidneys, heart, liver and lungs.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 4°C
    Melting point: -94°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.7
    Solubility in water, ml/100 ml at 20°C: 1.5
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.3
    Auto-ignition temperature: 537°C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 10-16
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.19
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to fish, mammals, plants, soil organisms.
    N O T E S
    Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient. Turn leaking cylinder with the leak up to prevent escape of gas in liquid state. Bromo-O-gas, Dowfume, Embafume, Halon 1001, Haltox, Meth-o-gas, Terabol and Terr-o-Gas 100 are trade names.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-111.
    NFPA Code: H 3; F 1; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0109 METHYL BROMIDE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.