International Chemical Safety Cards

ETHANOLAMINE ICSC: 0152
ETHANOLAMINE
2-Hydroxyethylamine
2-Aminoethanol
Colamine
C2H7NO/H2N-CH2-CH2OH
Molecular mass: 61.1
CAS # 141-43-5 0
RTECS # KJ5775000
ICSC # 0152
UN # 2491 (ethanolamine or ethanolamine solution)
EC # 603-030-00-8

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Above 85°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 85°C use a closed system, ventilation.

EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

  • INHALATION
  • Cough. Headache. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Redness. Pain.
    Protective gloves (see Notes).
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.
    Safety goggles or face shield.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal cramps. Burning sensation.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Cautiously neutralize spilled liquid. Then wash away with plenty of water (extra personal protection: A/P2 filter respirator for organic vapour and harmful dust).
    Separated from strong oxidants, strong acids, aluminium, food and feedstuffs. Dry. Ventilation along the floor.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    Xn symbol
    R: 20-36/37/38
    S: (2)
    UN Hazard Class: 8
    UN Packing Group: III
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0152 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    ETHANOLAMINE ICSC: 0152

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS, HYGROSCOPIC AND VISCOUS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating and on burning producing toxic and irritating gases including nitrogen oxides. The substance is a medium strong base. Reacts with cellulose nitrate, causing fire and explosion hazard. Reacts violently with strong oxidants and strong acids. Attacks copper, aluminium and their alloys and rubber.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 3 ppm; 7.5 mg/m3; STEL: 6 ppm, 15 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1993).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C; on spraying or dispersing, however, much faster.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the skin and is corrosive to the eyes. The vapour irritates the respiratory tract. Inhalation of the substance may cause asthmatic reactions (see Notes). The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Exposure could cause lowering of consciousness.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis and ulceration. Lungs may be affected by repeated or prolonged exposure to the vapour. The substance may have effects on the central nervous system, kidneys, liver, and blood , resulting in asthenia and hematological changes and tissue lesions.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 171°C
    Melting point: 10°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.02
    Solubility in water: very good
    Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 53
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.1
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.0O
    Flash point: 85°C c.c.
    Auto-ignition temperature: 410°C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 5.5-17
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.31 (estimated)
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    Do not use rubber gloves for handling. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. The symptoms of asthma often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Anyone who has shown symptoms of asthma due to this substance should avoid all further contact with this substance. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-80G16
    NFPA Code: H2; F2; R0
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0152 ETHANOLAMINE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.