International Chemical Safety Cards

NITRIC ACID ICSC: 0183
NITRIC ACID
Concentrated Nitric Acid (70%)
HNO3
Molecular mass: 63.0
CAS # 7697-37-2
RTECS # QU5775000
ICSC # 0183
UN # 2031
EC # 007-004-00-1
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible but enhances combustion of other substances. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO contact with flammable substances. NO contact with combustibles or organic chemicals.
In case of fire in the surroundings: NO FOAM.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion on contact with many common organic compounds.

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!

  • INHALATION
  • Burning sensation. Cough. Laboured breathing. Unconsciousness. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Corrosive. Serious skin burns. Pain. Yellow discolouration.
    Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Corrosive. Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.
    Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Corrosive. Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Shock.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
    Do NOT induce vomiting. Give plenty of water to drink. Rest. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Cautiously neutralize remainder with sodium carbonate. Then wash away with plenty of water. Do NOT absorb in saw-dust or other combustible absorbents (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Separated from combustible and reducing substances, bases, food and feedstuffs, organic chemicals. Cool. Dry. Keep in a well-ventilated room.
    Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    O symbol
    C symbol
    R: 8-35
    S: (1/2-)23-26-36-45
    Note: B
    UN Hazard Class: 8
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0183 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    NITRIC ACID ICSC: 0183

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS TO YELLOW LIQUID , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.




    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on warming producing nitrogen oxides. The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts violently with combustible and reducing materials, e.g., turpentine, charcoal, alcohol. The substance is a strong acid, it reacts violently with bases and is corrosive to metals. Reacts very violently with organic chemicals (e.g., acetone, acetic acid, acetic anhydride), causing fire and explosion hazard. Attacks some plastics.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 2 ppm; 5.2 mg/m3 (as STEL: 4 ppm; 10 mg/m3) (ACGIH 1993-1994).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance is very corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion as well. Inhalation of vapour may cause lung oedema (see Notes).

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 121C
    Melting point: -41.6C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.4
    Solubility in water: miscible
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 6.4
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.2
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.07
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-9B
    NFPA Code: H 3; F 0; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0183 NITRIC ACID
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.