International Chemical Safety Cards

ACETYL CHLORIDE ICSC: 0210
ACETYL CHLORIDE
Acetic chloride
Ethanoyl chloride
Acetic acid chloride
CH3COCl/CCl2H3O
Molecular mass: 78.5
CAS # 75-36-5
RTECS # AO6390000
ICSC # 0210
UN # 1717
EC # 607-011-00-5

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. NO contact with hot surfaces.
Powder, carbon dioxide. NO hydrous agents. NO water.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling. Use non-sparking handtools.
In case of fire: cool drums, etc., by spraying with water but avoid contact of the substance with water.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Burning sensation. Cough. Shortness of breath. Sore throat.
    Breathing protection. Closed system and ventilation.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Dry skin. Redness. Serious skin burns. Burning sensation. Pain. Blisters.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.
    Safety spectacles, face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Cough. Shortness of breath. Sore throat (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give nothing to drink. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from incompatible materials (see Chemical Dangers). Dry. Well closed.
    Airtight. Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
    F symbol
    C symbol
    R: 11-14-34
    S: 9-16-26-45
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    UN Subsidiary Risks: 8
    UN Packing Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0210 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    ACETYL CHLORIDE ICSC: 0210

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS FUMING LIQUID , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating and on burning producing toxic and corrosive fumes including hydrogen chloride (see ICSC # 0163), phosgene (see ICSC # 0007). Reacts violently with water, alcohols, acids, bases, dimethyl sulfoxide, certain powdered metals and many other compounds causing fire and explosion hazard. Attacks many metals in presence of water. Products of hydrolysis in water include corrosive hydrochloric acid and acetic acid.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.
    MAK not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The vapour irritates the eyes and the respiratory tract. The substance is corrosive to the eyes and the skin. Corrosive on ingestion. Inhalation of the vapour may cause lung oedema (see Notes). Exposure may result in unconsciousness. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. Lungs may be affected by inhalation of high concentrations of the vapour.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 51C
    Melting point: -112C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.11
    Solubility in water: reaction
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 32
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.7
    Flash point: 5C c.c.
    Auto-ignition temperature: 390C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 7.3-19
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to water.
    N O T E S
    Reacts violently with fire extinguishing agents such as hydrous agents (water, foam). The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-55
    NFPA Code: H3; F3; R2; W
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0210 ACETYL CHLORIDE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.