International Chemical Safety Cards

AMMONIUM NITRATE ICSC: 0216
AMMONIUM NITRATE
Nitric acid, ammonium salt
NH4NO3
Molecular mass: 80.1
CAS # 6484-52-2
RTECS # BR9050000
ICSC # 0216
UN # 1942
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible but enhances combustion of other substances. Explosive. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO contact with combustable or reducing agents.
Water in large amounts. NO other extinguishing agents. In case of fire in the surroundings: use flooding amounts of water in the early stages.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion under confinement and high temperatures.

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position. Evacuate danger area.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

  • INHALATION
  • Cough. Headache. Sore throat (see Ingestion).
    Local exhaust or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Redness.
    Protective gloves.
    First rinse with plenty of water, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Safety goggles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Blue lips or fingernails. Blue skin. Convulsions. Diarrhoea. Dizziness. Vomiting. Weakness (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Sweep spilled substance into non-combustible containers. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.
    Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from combustible and reducing substances. Dry.

    UN Hazard Class: 5.1
    UN Packing Group: III
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0216 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    AMMONIUM NITRATE ICSC: 0216

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    ODOURLESS, HYGROSCOPIC, COLOURLESS TO WHITE SOLID IN VARIOUS FORMS.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion. The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides). The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts with combustible and reducing materials.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation at 20C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the the blood , resulting in formation of methaemoglobin.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Decomposes below boiling point at c.a. 210C
    Melting point: 170C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.7
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 192
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to water.
    NOTES
    Becomes shock-sensitive when mixed with organic materials. Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-51G09
    NFPA Code: H 2; F 0; R 3;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0216 AMMONIUM NITRATE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.