International Chemical Safety Cards

CHLORAL HYDRATE ICSC: 0234
CHLORAL HYDRATE
Trichloroacetaldehyde monohydrate
2,2,2-Trichloro-1,1-ethanediol
C2H3Cl3O2/Cl3CCH(OH)2
Molecular mass: 165.4
CAS # 302-17-0
RTECS # FM8750000
ICSC # 0234
UN # 2811
EC # 605-014-00-6

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: all extinguishing agents allowed.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

  • INHALATION
  • Confusion. Drowsiness. Nausea. Unconsciousness.
    Ventilation (not if powder). Local exhaust or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Redness.
    Protective gloves.
    Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
  • EYES
  • Redness.
    Safety spectacles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection if powder.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Vomiting (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Sweep spilled substance into containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place (extra personal protection: P3 filter respirator for toxic particles).
    Separated from strong bases, food and feedstuffs. Keep in the dark.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    T symbol
    R: 25-36/38
    S: (1/2-)25-45
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1

    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0234 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    CHLORAL HYDRATE ICSC: 0234

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    TRANSPARENT COLOURLESS CRYSTALS , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on burning producing toxic and corrosive fumes including hydrochloric acid. Reacts with strong bases producing chloroform.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system, kidneys, liver and the cardiovascular system , resulting in impaired functions. Exposure may result in unconsciousness.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point (decomposes): 97C
    Melting point: 57-60C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.9
    Solubility in water: very good
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.99
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to water organisms.
    N O T E S
    Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Escre, Noctec, Nycton, Somnos, Lorinal, Chloraldurat are trade names.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61G11b
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0234 CHLORAL HYDRATE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.