International Chemical Safety Cards

CHLOROACETIC ACID ICSC: 0235
CHLOROACETIC ACID
Chloroethanoic acid
Monochloroacetic acid
MCA
ClCH2COOH
Molecular mass: 94.5
CAS # 79-11-8
RTECS # AF8575000
ICSC # 0235
UN # 1751
EC # 607-003-00-1
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Corrosive. Burning sensation. Cough. Laboured breathing. Sore throat. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Corrosive. MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Blisters.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Corrosive. Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.
    Face shield.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Corrosive. Abdominal cramps. Burning sensation. Collapse.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Sweep spilled substance into containers. Wash away remainder with plenty of water (extra personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles).
    Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, food and feedstuffs. Dry.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    T symbol
    R: 25-34
    S: 23-37-44
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1
    UN Subsidiary Risks: 8
    UN Packing Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0235 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    CHLOROACETIC ACID ICSC: 0235

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS CRYSTALS , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic and corrosive gases (hydrogen chloride, phosgene). The solution in water is a strong acid, it reacts violently with bases and is corrosive.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.
    PDK: 1 mg/m3 (USSR 1993).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    Corrosive. The substance is corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Inhalation of aerosol may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The substance may cause effects on the cardiovascular system, central nervous system and kidneys , resulting in cardiac disorders, convulsions, and kidney impairment. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 189C
    Melting point: about 57C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.6
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 85
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 43C: 0.13
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.3
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.00
    Flash point: 126C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 8.0-?
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    NOTES
    The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. The symptoms of the central nervous system effects, cardiac and renal failure do not become manifest until a few hours have passed. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. Melting point of alpha form = 63C, beta form = 56C, gamma form = 53C.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-57
    NFPA Code: H 3; F 1; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0235 CHLOROACETIC ACID
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.