International Chemical Safety Cards

CHLOROETHANOL ICSC: 0236
CHLOROETHANOL
2-Chloroethyl alcohol
Ethylene chlorohydrin
Glycol chlorohydrin
ClCH2CH2OH
Molecular mass: 80.5
CAS # 107-07-3
RTECS # KK0875000
ICSC # 0236
UN # 1135
EC # 603-028-00-7
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.
NO open flames.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide. Fire fighters should wear complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus.
EXPLOSION Above 60C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 60C closed system, ventilation, and explosion-proof electrical equipment.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Vomiting. Visual disturbance. Respiratory failure. Low blood pressure.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! (further see Inhalation).
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.
    Safety goggles, face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Separated from strong bases, oxidants, food and feedstuffs. Dry. Well closed.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    T+ symbol
    R: 26/27/28
    S: 7/9-28-45
    UN Haz Class: 6.1
    UN Pack Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0236 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    CHLOROETHANOL ICSC: 0236

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing toxic and corrosive gases (hydrogen chloride, phosgene). Reacts with water or steam to produce toxic fumes. Reacts violently with sodium hydroxide, ethylene diamine, chlorosulfonic acid and oxidants.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 1 ppm; 3.3 mg/m3 (as CEILING) (skin) (ACGIH 1992-1993).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system, cardiovascular system, kidneys and liver. Exposure may result in death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 128-130C
    Melting point: -67C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.2
    Solubility in water: miscible
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 0.65
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.8
    Flash point: (c.c.) 60C, (o.c.) 40C
    Auto-ignition temperature: 425C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 4.9-16
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    NOTES
    Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-729
    NFPA Code: H 3; F 2; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0236 CHLOROETHANOL
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.