International Chemical Safety Cards

1,2-DICHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0250
1,2-DICHLOROETHANE
Ethylene dichloride
1,2-Ethylene dichloride
Ethane dichloride
ClCH2CH2Cl / C2H4Cl2
Molecular mass: 98.96
CAS # 107-06-2
RTECS # KI0525000
ICSC # 0250
UN # 1184
EC # 602-012-00-7

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Abdominal pain. Cough. Dizziness. Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea. Sore throat. Unconsciousness. Vomiting. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Redness.
    Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.
    Safety goggles, face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal cramps. Diarrhoea (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
    Give nothing to drink. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer (extra personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, food and feedstuffs and other incompatible substances (see Chemical Dangers). Cool. Dry.
    Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    F symbol
    T symbol
    R: 45-11-22-36/37/38
    S: 53-45
    Note: E
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: II
    Marine pollutant.
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0250 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    1,2-DICHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0250

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS, VISCOUS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. TURNS DARK ON EXPOSURE TO AIR, MOISTURE AND LIGHT.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating and on burning producing toxic and corrosive fumes including hydrogen chloride (ICSC # 0163) and phosgene (ICSC # 0007). Reacts violently with aluminium, alkali metals, alkali amides, ammonia, bases, strong oxidants. Attacks many metals in presence of water. Attacks plastic.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 10 ppm; 40 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1994-1995).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The vapour irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Inhalation of the vapour may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system, kidneys, liver , resulting in impaired functions.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. This substance is probably carcinogenic to humans.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 83.5C
    Melting point: -35.7C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.235
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml: 0.87
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 8.7
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.42
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.2
    Flash point: 13C c.c.
    Auto-ignition temperature: 413C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 6.2-16
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.48
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-605
    NFPA Code: H 2; F 3; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0250 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.