International Chemical Safety Cards

FURFURAL ICSC: 0276
FURFURAL
2-Furancarboxyaldehyde
2-Furaldehyde
2-Furalmethanal
C4H3OCHO
Molecular mass: 96.1
CAS # 98-01-1
RTECS # LT7000000
ICSC # 0276
UN # 1199
EC # 605-010-00-4
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.
NO open flames.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Above 60C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 60C closed system, ventilation, and explosion-proof electrical equipment.

EXPOSURE


  • INHALATION
  • Cough. Headache. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Sore throat.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain.
    Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Face shield.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Headache. Sore throat. Vomiting.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Give plenty of water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place (extra personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Separated from strong bases, strong acids, strong oxidants. Keep in the dark. Well closed. Ventilation along the floor.

    T symbol
    R: 23/25
    S: 24/25-44
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    UN Packing Group: III
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0276 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    FURFURAL ICSC: 0276

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS TO YELLOW LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. TURNS RED-BROWN ON EXPOSURE TO AIR AND LIGHT.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance polymerizes under the influence of acid(s) or base(s) with fire or explosion hazard. Reacts violently with oxidants. Attacks many plastics.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV (as TWA): 2 ppm; 7.9 mg/m3 (skin) (ACGIH 1992-1993).
    MAK: 5 ppm; 20 mg/m3; H (1992).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:


    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the liver.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 162C
    Melting point: -36.5C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.16
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 8.3
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 0.144
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.31
    Flash point: 60C (c.c.)
    Auto-ignition temperature: 315C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.1-19.3
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.41
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to water organisms.
    NOTES
    The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-84
    NFPA Code: H 2; F 2; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0276 FURFURAL
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.