International Chemical Safety Cards

n-HEXANE ICSC: 0279
n-HEXANE
C6H14
Molecular mass: 86.2
CAS # 110-54-3
RTECS # MN9275000
ICSC # 0279
UN # 1208
EC # 601-037-00-0
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling. Use reduced-sparking handtools.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Fire fighters should wear complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus.
EXPOSURE


  • INHALATION
  • Dizziness. Drowsiness. Dullness. Headache. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Unconsciousness. Weakness.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Dry skin. Redness.
    Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Safety goggles, face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Rest. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Consult an expert! Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer (extra personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Cool. Well closed.

    F symbol
    Xn symbol
    R: 11-48/20
    S: 9-16-24/25-29-51
    UN Haz Class: 3
    UN Pack Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0279 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    n-HEXANE ICSC: 0279

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    VOLATILE COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV (as TWA): 50 ppm; 176 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1992-1993).
    MAK: 50 ppm; 180 mg/m3; (1992).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes. Swallowing the liquid may cause aspiration into the lungs with the risk of chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the peripheral nervous system , resulting in polyneuropathy.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 69C
    Melting point: -95C
    Relative density (water = 1): 0.66
    Solubility in water: none
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 16
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.0
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.3
    Flash point: -22C (c.c.)
    Auto-ignition temperature: 240C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.1-7.5
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.9
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to water organisms.
    NOTES
    Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-41G01
    NFPA Code: H 1; F 3; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0279 n-HEXANE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.