International Chemical Safety Cards

HYDRAZINE ICSC: 0281
HYDRAZINE
Diamide
Diamine
Nitrogen hydride
(anhydrous)
N2H4/H2N-NH2
Molecular mass: 32.1
CAS # 302-01-2
RTECS # MU7175000
ICSC # 0281
UN # 2029
EC # 007-008-00-3

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Above 38°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed. Risk of fire and explosion on contact with many materials.
Above 38°C use a closed system, ventilation, and explosion-proof electrical equipment.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Corrosive. Burning sensation. Cough. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Convulsions.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Corrosive. MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Skin burns. Pain.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    First rinse with plenty of water, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention. Wear protective gloves when administering first aid.
  • EYES
  • Corrosive. Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.
    Eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Corrosive. Abdominal cramps. Confusion. Convulsions. Unconsciousness. Vomiting. Weakness.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
    Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT absorb in saw-dust or other combustible absorbents. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from food and feedstuffs (see Chemical Dangers).
    Special material. Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    T symbol
    R: 45-10-23/24/25-34-43
    S: 53-45
    Note: E
    UN Hazard Class: 8
    UN Subsidiary Risks: 3, 6.1
    UN Packing Group: I
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0281 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    HYDRAZINE ICSC: 0281

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS, FUMING AND HYGROSCOPIC LIQUID , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes producing ammonia fumes, hydrogen and nitrogen oxides , causing fire and explosion hazard. The substance is a strong reducing agent and reacts violently with oxidants. The substance is a medium strong base. Reacts violently with many metals, metal oxides and porous materials causing fire and explosion hazard. Air or oxygen is not required for decomposition.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV (as TWA): 0.1 ppm; 0.13 mg/m3 A2 (Suspected Human Carcinogen) (skin) (ACGIH 1994-1995).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance is corrosive to the eyes and the skin. The vapour of this substance is corrosive to the respiratory tract. Inhalation of the vapour may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The substance may cause effects on the liver, kidneys, and central nervous system. Exposure may result in death. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. The substance may have effects on the liver, kidneys, and central nervous system. This substance is possibly carcinogenic to humans.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 114°C
    Melting point: 2°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.01
    Solubility in water: very good
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 1.4
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.1
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.00
    Flash point: 38°C c.c.
    Auto-ignition temperature: see Notes°C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.8-100
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -3.1
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms.
    N O T E S
    Auto-ignition temperature varies from 24°C on a rusty iron surface to 270°C on glass surface. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient. Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. Other UN numbers are: UN 2030 Hydrazine hydrate or Hydrazine, aqueous solutions with 37-64% of hydrazine; UN 3293 Hydrazine, aqueous solutions with not more than 37% of hydrazine.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-85
    NFPA Code: H3; F3; R2
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0281 HYDRAZINE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.