International Chemical Safety Cards

ETHYL CARBAMATE ICSC: 0314
ETHYL CARBAMATE
Carbamic acid ethyl ester
Ethyl urethane
Urethane
C3H7NO2 / NH2COOC2H5
Molecular mass: 89.09
CAS # 51-79-6
RTECS # FA8400000
ICSC # 0314
EC # 607-149-00-6

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! AVOID ALL CONTACT! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Unconsciousness.
    Local exhaust or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN

  • Protective gloves.
    Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection if powder.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Nausea. Vomiting (see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Sweep spilled substance into containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place (extra personal protection: P3 filter respirator for toxic particles).
    Separated from food and feedstuffs.

    T symbol
    R: 45
    S: 53-45
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0314 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    ETHYL CARBAMATE ICSC: 0314

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    ALMOST ODOURLESS, COLOURLESS CRYSTALS, PELLETS OR WHITE GRANULAR POWDER.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides).

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation at 20C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance may cause effects on the the central nervous system and liver.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The substance may have effects on the bone marrow, brain, kidney, eyes. This substance is possibly carcinogenic to humans. Animal tests show that this substance possibly causes toxic effects upon human reproduction.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 182-184C
    Melting point: 48-50C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.1
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml: 0.2
    Vapour pressure, Pa at 25C: 48
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.07
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.00
    Flash point: 92C c.c.
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.15
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0314 ETHYL CARBAMATE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.