International Chemical Safety Cards

PHTHALIC ANHYDRIDE ICSC: 0315
PHTHALIC ANHYDRIDE
1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid anhydride
Phthalic acid anhydride
1,3-Isobenzofurandione
C8H4O3/C6H4(CO)2O
Molecular mass: 148.1
CAS # 85-44-9
RTECS # TI3150000
ICSC # 0315
UN # 2214
EC # 607-009-00-4

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.
NO open flames.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air.
Prevent deposition of dust; closed system, dust explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.

EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

  • INHALATION
  • Cough. Sore throat. Bronchial irritation. Nasal bleeding.
    Local exhaust or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Redness. Pain.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain. Conjunctivitis.
    Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Cough.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Sweep spilled substance into covered containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place (extra personal protection: A/P2 filter respirator for organic vapour and harmful dust).
    Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, strong acids. Ventilation along the floor.

    Xi symbol
    R: 36/37/38
    S: (2)
    UN Hazard Class: 8
    UN Packing Group: III
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0315 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    PHTHALIC ANHYDRIDE ICSC: 0315

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    WHITE SOLID IN VARIOUS FORMS , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    Reacts with strong oxidants. Reacts violently on heating with copper oxide or sodium nitrite, causing explosion hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 1 ppm; 6.1 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1994-1995).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of the vapour and the dust, and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation of the substance is rather slow, but a harmful concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly, when dispersed.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. Repeated or prolonged inhalation exposure may cause asthma (see Notes).
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 284C
    Melting point: 130.8C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.53
    Solubility in water: poor
    Vapour pressure, Pa at 20C: <6.6
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.1
    Flash point: 151.7C c.c.
    Auto-ignition temperature: 570C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.7-10.4
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.62
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    The symptoms of asthma often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Anyone who has shown symptoms of asthma due to this substance should avoid all further contact with this substance.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-83 (phthalic anhydride, molten); 80G21c (phthalic anhydride, solid)
    NFPA Code: H 2; F 1; R 0
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0315 PHTHALIC ANHYDRIDE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.